Eczema is a condition in which patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, cracked, and rough. Some types can also cause blisters. Many people use the word eczema when referring to atopic dermatitis, which is the most common type. The word dermatitis refers to inflammation of the skin. Most types cause dry, itchy skin and rashes on the face, inside the elbows and behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. With the high occurrence of atopic dermatitis in babies and small children, the prevalence of atopic dermatitis has increased two to three-fold in recent decades. Atopic dermatitis is seen in approximately 10% to 30% of children and 2% to 10% of adults in developed countries.
The main goal of treatment is eliminating the itching, which in turn worsens into other symptoms. The first line of defense is avoiding the critical triggers and maintaining the skin barrier using various emollients and moisturisers.
2.Kolb L, Ferrer-Bruker SJ. Atopic Dermatitis. [Updated 2021 Aug 13]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK448071/